Magdalen Homes — Bedfordshire-Cumberland

Although the term 'Magdalen' home or institution has become particularly associated with Ireland's Magdalen laundries, it covers to a much wider range of establishmnents. Rather than indicating the nature of these institutions' facilities or regime, it reflects the circumstances of their inmates — girls and young women who had 'fallen' (or who were considered in danger of doing so), especially those who had become pregnant or involved in prostitution. More...

Where applicable, the 'Places' column shows the accommodation provided for mothers and babies (exact figures could change over time).
Note that over the years, many institutions changed location and/or name, sometimes more than once. The accommodation provided, age of those admitted etc. at a home could also vary.


Name and LocationFounded/OpenedClasses Received, Weekly fees, etc.PlacesAdmission Age
Bedford and County Girls' Home, 1 Hill Rise, Park Road North, Bedford1932Mothers and babies; 12s. 6d. Maternity ward in the Home.16m/16bno limit
Bedford Shelter, 32 Brereton Road, Bedford1910Fallen and preventive cases.12no limit
Bedford and County Home, 97 Ashbunham Road, Bedford1919Mothers and babies; 10s. Maternity ward in the Home.12no limit
Luton Shelter, 13 Napier Road, Luton1921Friendless and destitute girls; temporarily; Luton and Dunstable cases, free; others, from 5s.4under 25
Girls' Training Home, 27 Cardiff Grove, Lutonby 1912Fallen and friendless; free.13no limit


Name and LocationFounded/OpenedClasses Received, Weekly fees, etc.PlacesAdmission Age
St Agnes' Lodge, 1 Laburnham Road, Maidenhead1904Fallen and destitute women; 5s; local cases free.715-25
St Agnes' Lodge, 52 Clare Road, Maidenheadby 902Fallen and destitute women; 5s; local cases free.215-25
Reading Shelter, 23 Russell Street, Readingby 911Friendless and fallen; temporarily.8no limit
St Monica's, 37 Christchurch Road, Readingby  x 
Reading Shelter, 41 Russell Street, Reading1911Friendless and fallen; temporarily.6no limit
St Mary's Home, 53-55 Baker Street, Reading1872Fallen girls, daughters of the poor; remain two years. 17-20
The Refuge, 59 Castle Street, Reading1878Local penitentiary cases or discharged prisoners; temporarily; preventive cases 6s. to 10s.314-35
Reading Female Aid Society Shelter, 6 Zinzan Street, Reading1854Fallen and friendless women; temporarily.9no limit
Reading Laundry Home, 61 Castle Street, Reading1891Fallen women and discharged prisoners; from a distance, entrance fee, £5 5s.14Elderly
Rescue Home, Norwood House, King's Road, Readingby 1890 50 
Reading Female Home, Redlands Villa, 4 New Road, Southern Hill, Reading1871Fallen women; temporarily.16under 20
St Mary's Training Home, Challow Road, Wantage16 July 1935Fallen women; entrance fee if possible; remain two years.6615-24
Windsor Refuge, Cambridge Villa, Dorset Road, Windsorby 890Rescue and preventive cases; free from Windsor; diocesan cases, 3s. 6d.; others 5s.6under 30
House of Mercy, Hatch Lane, Clewer, Windsor1849Fallen women; remain at least two years.8617-40
Windsor Refuge, St Michael's, Dorset Road, Windsorby 890Rescue and preventive cases; free from Windsor and district; diocesan cases, 3s. 6d.; others by arrangement.6under 30
Wellesley Home Refuge / Preventive Training Home, Vansittart Road, Clewer, Windsor1882Fallen women; 2s. 6d.; from Windsor free. A few permanent cases received, others sent to Homes.12under 30
Windsor Shelter, Winton Cottage, 92 Alma Road, Windsorby 1912Rescue and preventive cases; 6s.; local cases free.2under 30


Name and LocationFounded/OpenedClasses Received, Weekly fees, etc.PlacesAdmission Age
Mid-Bucks Maternity Home, 33 Bicester Road, Aylesbury1928Unmarried expectant mothers; first time only; 10s. from diocese; others 12s. 6d.6under 30
Ayelsbury Shelter, Putnam House, 35 Bicester Road, Aylesbury1919Rescue and preventive cases; temporarily. Local cases 3s. 6d.; others 10s.6no limit
North Bucks Shelter, 10 High Street, Fenny Stratford Fallen and preventive cases.4 
Slough Girls' Welcome, 3 Belgrave Place, Uxbridge Road, Slough1919Rescue and preventive cases; free, from the locality; others, according to circumstances.6under 30


Name and LocationFounded/OpenedClasses Received, Weekly fees, etc.PlacesAdmission Age
Shelter for Girls, 13 Hertford Street, Cambridge1922Fallen or friendless women; temporarily; 7s. 6d.9under 25
Shelter for Girls, 14 Downing Street, Cambridge1854Fallen or friendless women; temporarily; 7s. 6d.9under 25
Cambridge Female Refuge / Home of Mercy, 19 Church (now Christchurch) Street, Cambridge1838From the diocese of Ely, free; other cases £5 per annum when possible. Must remain two years.2515-22
Church Street Mission, 26 Newmarket Road, Cambridgeby 854Fallen or friendless women; temporarily; 5s.9 
Ely Diocesan Maternity Home, 48 Bateman Street, Cambridge1920Unmarried mothers with first child. Diocesan cases,10s.; others, 12s.14m/10b15-30
Shelter for Girls, 6 Glisson Road, Cambridge1925Fallen or friendless women; temporarily; 7s. 6d.9under 25
Undergraduates' House of Rescue, Rock End, Histon Road, Cambridge1886Fallen women. Cases from a distance 5s. per week. Remain six to eight months. no limit
Ely Diocesan Refuge, The Haven, Elyby 1912Fallen and friendless girls, temporarily; non-diocesan cases, 5s.1213-20


Name and LocationFounded/OpenedClasses Received, Weekly fees, etc.PlacesAdmission Age
Altrincham and Bowdon Home, 12 Willow Terrace, Willow Tree Road, Altrincham1913Friendless girls; from 5s.5under 20
Birkenhead Rescue Home, 205 Oliver Street, Birkenhead1886Unmarried women under 30. Local cases free; others pay entrance fee of 10s. 6d. Remain a few days or weeks. under 30
Birkendhead Rescue Home Waiting Home, 23 Grange Mount, Birkenheadby 886   
St Faith's Home for Girls, 24 Palm Grove, Birkenhead1912Mothers and babies; local cases 10s.; others 12s. 6d. Remain six months.15m/20b.15-27
Paget House, 45 Westbank Road, Devonshire Park, Birkenhead1932Girls in need of help; temporarily.7no limit
Birkenhead Rescue Home, 7 Euston Grove, Claughton, Birkenheadby 886Temporarily or for two years. Birkenhead girls free, others £1 1s. entrance fee.1712-20
Birkenhead Rescue Home, Alfred House, 5 Alfred Road, Birkenheadby 886Birkenhead girls admitted free; for two years. £1 1s. entrance fee with cases from a distance.2814-22
St Margaret's Home, Mersey Road, Rock Ferry, Birkenhead1888Poor penitent girls, rescue and preventive cases.80no limit
Rescue Home, 10 (later 4) Vicar's lane, Chester1883Any class of the fallen; remain about one month.9under 24
Chester Diocesan House of Mercy, 15 Lache Lane, Chester1886Fallen girls from the Chester diocese, fee £1 1s.; others £5.2914-18
House of Shelter, 36 Tarvin Street, Chester1883Fallen girls and women; temporarily.9under 25
Chester Female Penitentiary, Christleton Road, Boughton, Chester1827 2514-29
Crewe Shelter /St Hilda's, 28 Stalbridge Road, Crewe1925Rescue and preventive cases; temporarily.3no limit
House of Refuge, 22St Thomas' Place, Stockport1889Female penitents; free from Stockport, others 4s. 6d.; temporarily.614-24
House of Refuge, 80 (later 91) Chatham Street, Stockportby 889Female penitents; free from Stockport, others 4s. 6d.; temporarily.514-24


Name and LocationFounded/OpenedClasses Received, Weekly fees, etc.PlacesAdmission Age
Falmouth Shelter, 4 Mount Edgcumbe Villas, Falmouth1921Fallen or friendless girls or women; temporarily; 12s. 6d. when possible.2no limit
St Faith's House of Mercy, St Winnow, Lostwithiel1864The working class; free; remain two years.2112-30
Penzance Shelter, 1 and 7 Penare Road, Penzanceby 908Girls and women needing help. Payment according to circumstances6m/3bunder 30
Penzance Shelter, 7 Wellington Place, Penzance1908Girls and women needing help. Payment according to circumstances3under 30
Penzance Rescue and Preventive Society, Albert House, Penzance1881Fallen women. Those in danger and children helped; sent to Homes.  
Penzance Shelter, Morwenna, Lescudjack Terrace, Penzanceby Before and After Care Home.8m/3b 
Truro Diocesan Maternity Home, Mount Prospect, Redruth1916Unmarried mothers; Diocesan cases 7s. 6d. And 15s. Confinement fee; others 10s. And £1 fee.6under 20
Cornwall Preventive and Rescue Association Mothers' and Babies' Home, Rosemundy, St Agnes1917Girls expecting first confinement; Cornish girls, 10s.; others, 15s.; remain three months after confinement.15m/7bunder 25
Laundry Home, Alverton, Truroby 1890Girls after their first fall; £5.  
Epiphany Laundry Home, Mitchell Hill, Truro1885Girls after their first fall; £5 yearly; remain until considered fit to go to service (2 to 2½ years).20under 20
Truro Temporary Shelter, Tabernacle Cottage, Tabernacle Street, Truroby 1930Preventive and rescue cases.3no limit


Name and LocationFounded/OpenedClasses Received, Weekly fees, etc.PlacesAdmission Age
Carlisle Refuge Shelter, 25 Myddleton Street, Carlisle Friendless and fallen; temporarily; free.4no limit
Carlisle Diocesan Refuge, Coledale Hall, 94-96 Newtown Road, Carlisle1886Friendless and fallen; temporarily; free.13no limit
St Mary's Home for Penitents, Newtown Road, Carlisle1872Fallen girls (servant class). From the surrounding district, free. Expected to remain two years. Fee of £5 with those out of diocese of Carlisle.3017-25
Workington Shelter, 8 Dora Crescent, Workington1920Preventive and rescue cases; payment according to circumstances5under 25